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- The Paper Garden: Mrs. Delany Begins Her Life's Work at 72 by Molly Peacock
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Today the collages reside in the British Museum. Born in as Mary Granville into a minor branch of an aristocratic family, she spent parts of her childhood with an aunt, diligently preparing for a position at court. But this neatly laid-out future fell apart when her aunt and uncle backed the wrong heir after the death of Queen Anne. To rescue the family fortunes, year-old Mary was married off, a few years later, to Alexander Pendarves, a slobbering old drunkard.
For seven long years, Mary endured this miserable life, until Pendarves finally died. Though not short of suitors, she remained unmarried for the next two decades, enjoying her independence and reveling in her close relationships with female friends and her younger sister, Anne. She embroidered, painted and socialized. It was a vastly congenial marriage in which they shared a love of plants and natural history. Nearby was a bit of paper of a similar color. Inspired, she began her first collage. Delany was not just making pretty pictures.
Based on a conversation with Campbell, Asimov wrote " Nightfall ", his 32nd story, in March and April , and Astounding published it in September In the Science Fiction Writers of America voted "Nightfall" the best science fiction short story ever written. I was suddenly taken seriously and the world of science fiction became aware that I existed. As the years passed, in fact, it became evident that I had written a 'classic'. After writing " Victory Unintentional " in January and February , Asimov did not write another story for a year.
Asimov left science fiction fandom and no longer read new magazines, and might have left the industry had not Heinlein and de Camp been coworkers and previously sold stories continued to appear. The books recount the fall of a vast interstellar empire and the establishment of its eventual successor. They also feature his fictional science of psychohistory , in which the future course of the history of large populations can be predicted.
In they won the Hugo Award for the all-time best series of science fiction and fantasy novels. By the end of the war Asimov was earning as a writer an amount equal to half of his Navy Yard salary, even after a raise, but Asimov still did not believe that writing could support him, his wife, and future children.
His "positronic" robot stories —many of which were collected in I, Robot —were begun at about the same time. They promulgated a set of rules of ethics for robots see Three Laws of Robotics and intelligent machines that greatly influenced other writers and thinkers in their treatment of the subject. Asimov notes in his introduction to the short story collection The Complete Robot that he was largely inspired by the almost relentless tendency of robots up to that time to fall consistently into a Frankenstein plot in which they destroyed their creators. The robot series has led to film adaptations.
With Asimov's collaboration, in about , Harlan Ellison wrote a screenplay of I, Robot that Asimov hoped would lead to "the first really adult, complex, worthwhile science fiction film ever made". The screenplay has never been filmed and was eventually published in book form in The movie I, Robot , starring Will Smith , was based on an unrelated script by Jeff Vintar titled Hardwired , with Asimov's ideas incorporated later after the rights to Asimov's title were acquired. Besides movies, his Foundation and Robot stories have inspired other derivative works of science fiction literature, many by well-known and established authors such as Roger MacBride Allen , Greg Bear , Gregory Benford , David Brin , and Donald Kingsbury.
At least some of these appear to have been done with the blessing of, or at the request of, Asimov's widow, Janet Asimov. In , he also wrote a spoof chemistry article , " The Endochronic Properties of Resublimated Thiotimoline ". At the time, Asimov was preparing his own doctoral dissertation , and for the oral examination to follow that.
Fearing a prejudicial reaction from his graduate school evaluation board at Columbia University , Asimov asked his editor that it be released under a pseudonym, yet it appeared under his own name. Asimov grew concerned at the scrutiny he would receive at his oral examination, in case the examiners thought he wasn't taking science seriously. At the end of the examination, one evaluator turned to him, smiling, and said, "What can you tell us, Mr.
Asimov, about the thermodynamic properties of the compound known as thiotimoline". Laughing hysterically with relief, Asimov had to be led out of the room. After a five-minute wait, he was summoned back into the room and congratulated as "Dr. Demand for science fiction greatly increased during the s. It became possible for a genre author to write full-time. Bradbury accepted Asimov's unpublished "Grow Old With Me" 40, words , but requested that it be extended to a full novel of 70, words.
The book appeared under the Doubleday imprint in January with the title of Pebble in the Sky. The early s also saw Gnome Press publish one collection of Asimov's positronic robot stories as I, Robot and his Foundation stories and novelettes as the three books of the Foundation trilogy. More positronic robot stories were republished in book form as The Rest of the Robots. He later described the era as his "'mature' period".
Asimov's " The Last Question " , on the ability of humankind to cope with and potentially reverse the process of entropy , was his personal favorite story. In December , former Beatle Paul McCartney approached Asimov and asked him if he could write the screenplay for a science-fiction movie musical. McCartney had a vague idea for the plot and a small scrap of dialogue; he wished to make a film about a rock band whose members discover they are being impersonated by a group of extraterrestrials. The band and their impostors would likely be played by McCartney's group Wings , then at the height of their career.
Intrigued by the idea, although he was not generally a fan of rock music, Asimov quickly produced a "treatment" or brief outline of the story. He adhered to McCartney's overall idea, producing a story he felt to be moving and dramatic. However, he did not make use of McCartney's brief scrap of dialogue, and probably as a consequence, McCartney rejected the story.
The Paper Garden: Mrs. Delany Begins Her Life's Work at 72 by Molly Peacock
The treatment now exists only in the Boston University archives. Due to pressure by fans on Asimov to write another book in his Foundation series,  he did so with Foundation's Edge and Foundation and Earth , and then went back to before the original trilogy with Prelude to Foundation and Forward the Foundation , his last novel.
Just say I am one of the most versatile writers in the world, and the greatest popularizer of many subjects. Asimov and two colleagues published a textbook in , with two more editions by He greatly increased his nonfiction production, writing mostly on science topics; the launch of Sputnik in engendered public concern over a "science gap". I was overcome by the ardent desire to write popular science for an America that might be in great danger through its neglect of science, and a number of publishers got an equally ardent desire to publish popular science for the same reason".
Fantasy and Science Fiction invited Asimov to continue his regular nonfiction column, begun in the now-folded bimonthly companion magazine Venture Science Fiction Magazine. The column was ostensibly dedicated to popular science but Asimov had complete editorial freedom, and wrote about contemporary social issues [ citation needed ] in essays such as "Thinking About Thinking"  and "Knock Plastic! The great variety of information covered in Asimov's writings prompted Kurt Vonnegut to ask, "How does it feel to know everything?
Gale said that "Asimov has a rare talent.
He can make your mental mouth water over dry facts",  and "science fiction's loss has been science popularization's gain". Asimov coined the term " robotics " in his story " Liar! While acknowledging the Oxford Dictionary reference, he incorrectly states that the word was first printed about one-third of the way down the first column of page , Astounding Science Fiction , March printing of his short story " Runaround ".
In the same story, Asimov also coined the term "positronic" the counterpart to "electronic" for positrons. Asimov coined the term " psychohistory " in his Foundation stories to name a fictional branch of science which combines history , sociology , and mathematical statistics to make general predictions about the future behavior of very large groups of people, such as the Galactic Empire. Asimov said later that he should have called it psychosociology. It was first introduced in the five short stories — which would later be collected as the fix-up novel Foundation. In addition to his interest in science, Asimov was interested in history.
He published Asimov's Guide to the Bible in two volumes—covering the Old Testament in and the New Testament in —and then combined them into one 1,page volume in Complete with maps and tables, the guide goes through the books of the Bible in order, explaining the history of each one and the political influences that affected it, as well as biographical information about the important characters.
His interest in literature manifested itself in several annotations of literary works, including Asimov's Guide to Shakespeare , [k] Asimov's Annotated Paradise Lost , and The Annotated Gulliver's Travels Asimov was also a noted mystery author and a frequent contributor to Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine. He began by writing science fiction mysteries such as his Wendell Urth stories, but soon moved on to writing "pure" mysteries.
He published two full-length mystery novels, and wrote 66 stories about the Black Widowers , a group of men who met monthly for dinner, conversation, and a puzzle. He got the idea for the Widowers from his own association in a stag group called the Trap Door Spiders and all of the main characters with the exception of the waiter, Henry, who he admitted resembled Wodehouse's Jeeves were modeled after his closest friends. Toward the end of his life, Asimov published a series of collections of limericks , mostly written by himself, starting with Lecherous Limericks , which appeared in Limericks: Too Gross , whose title displays Asimov's love of puns , contains limericks by Asimov and an equal number by John Ciardi.
He even created a slim volume of Sherlockian limericks. The two main characters, both Jewish, talk over dinner, or lunch, or breakfast, about anecdotes of "George" and his friend Azazel. Asimov's Treasury of Humor is both a working joke book and a treatise propounding his views on humor theory. According to Asimov, the most essential element of humor is an abrupt change in point of view, one that suddenly shifts focus from the important to the trivial, or from the sublime to the ridiculous. Particularly in his later years, Asimov to some extent cultivated an image of himself as an amiable lecher.
However, by , some of Asimov's behavior towards women was described as sexual harassment and cited as an example of historically problematic behavior by men in science fiction communities. Asimov published three volumes of autobiography. The third volume, I. Asimov: A Memoir ,  covered his whole life rather than following on from where the second volume left off. The epilogue was written by his widow Janet Asimov after his death.
The book won a Hugo Award in He also published three volumes of retrospectives of his writing, Opus ,  Opus ,  and Opus In it they offer advice on how to maintain a positive attitude and stay productive when dealing with discouragement, distractions, rejection, and thick-headed editors. The book includes many quotations, essays, anecdotes, and husband-wife dialogues about the ups and downs of being an author.
Asimov and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry developed a unique relationship during Star Trek ' s initial launch in the late s. Roddenberry retorted respectfully with a personal letter explaining the limitations of accuracy when writing a weekly series. Asimov corrected himself with a follow-up essay to TV Guide claiming that despite its inaccuracies, Star Trek was a fresh and intellectually challenging science fiction television show. The two remained friends to the point where Asimov even served as an advisor on a number of Star Trek projects.
In , Asimov published a proposal for calendar reform , called the World Season Calendar. It divides the year into four seasons named A—D of 13 weeks 91 days each. This allows days to be named, e. An extra 'year day' is added for a total of days. Asimov won more than a dozen annual awards for particular works of science fiction and a half dozen lifetime awards. If I had the critic's mentality which I emphatically don't I would sit down and try to analyze my stories, work out the factors that make some more successful than others, cultivate those factors, and simply explode with excellence.
But the devil with that. I won't buy success at the price of self-consciousness. I don't have the temperament for it. I'll write as I please and let the critics do the analyzing. Asimov was his own secretary, typist, indexer , proofreader , and literary agent. Asimov only used an outline once, later describing it as "like trying to play the piano from inside a straitjacket". After disliking making multiple revisions of " Black Friar of the Flame ", Asimov refused to make major, second, or non-editorial revisions "like chewing used gum" , stating that "too large a revision, or too many revisions, indicate that the piece of writing is a failure.
In the time it would take to salvage such a failure, I could write a new piece altogether and have infinitely more fun in the process". He submitted "failures" to another editor. One of the most common impressions of Asimov's fiction work is that his writing style is extremely unornamented. Except for two stories—" Liar!
Virtually all plot develops in conversation with little if any action. Nor is there a great deal of local color or description of any kind. The dialogue is, at best, functional and the style is, at best, transparent. The robot stories and, as a matter of fact, almost all Asimov fiction—play themselves on a relatively bare stage. Asimov addressed such criticism at the beginning of Nemesis :. I made up my mind long ago to follow one cardinal rule in all my writing—to be 'clear'.
I have given up all thought of writing poetically or symbolically or experimentally, or in any of the other modes that might if I were good enough get me a Pulitzer prize. I would write merely clearly and in this way establish a warm relationship between myself and my readers, and the professional critics—Well, they can do whatever they wish.
Gunn cited examples of a more complex style, such as the climax of "Liar! Sharply drawn characters occur at key junctures of his storylines: Susan Calvin in "Liar! Other than books by Gunn and Patrouch, a relative dearth of "literary" criticism exists on Asimov particularly when compared to the sheer volume of his output. Cowart and Wymer's Dictionary of Literary Biography gives a possible reason:.
His words do not easily lend themselves to traditional literary criticism because he has the habit of centering his fiction on plot and clearly stating to his reader, in rather direct terms, what is happening in his stories and why it is happening. In fact, most of the dialogue in an Asimov story, and particularly in the Foundation trilogy, is devoted to such exposition.
Stories that clearly state what they mean in unambiguous language are the most difficult for a scholar to deal with because there is little to be interpreted. Gunn's and Patrouch's respective studies of Asimov both state that a clear, direct prose style is still a style. Gunn's book comments in detail on each of Asimov's novels. He does not praise all of Asimov's fiction nor does Patrouch , but calls some passages in The Caves of Steel "reminiscent of Proust ". When discussing how that novel depicts night falling over futuristic New York City, Gunn says that Asimov's prose "need not be ashamed anywhere in literary society".
Although he prided himself on his unornamented prose style for which he credited Clifford D. Simak as an early influence   , and said in that his style had not changed,  Asimov also enjoyed giving his longer stories complicated narrative structures , often by arranging chapters in non chronological ways. Some readers have been put off by this, complaining that the nonlinearity is not worth the trouble and adversely affects the clarity of the story. For example, the first third of The Gods Themselves begins with Chapter 6, then backtracks to fill in earlier material.
This advice helped Asimov create " Reason ", one of the early Robot stories. See In Memory Yet Green for details of that time period. Patrouch found that the interwoven and nested flashbacks of The Currents of Space did serious harm to that novel, to such an extent that only a "dyed-in-the- kyrt  Asimov fan" could enjoy it.
Asimov's tendency to contort his timelines is perhaps most apparent in his later novel Nemesis , in which one group of characters lives in the "present" and another group starts in the "past", beginning 15 years earlier and gradually moving toward the time period of the first group. Asimov attributed the lack of romance and sex in his fiction to the "early imprinting" from starting his writing career when he had never been on a date and "didn't know anything about girls".
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He claimed he wrote The Gods Themselves to respond to these criticisms,  which often came from New Wave science fiction and often British writers. The second part of three of the novel is set on an alien world with three sexes, and the sexual behavior of these creatures is extensively depicted.
Asimov once explained that his reluctance to write about aliens came from an incident early in his career when Astounding ' s editor John Campbell rejected one of his science fiction stories because the alien characters were portrayed as superior to the humans. The nature of the rejection led him to believe that Campbell may have based his bias towards humans in stories on a real-world racial bias.
Unwilling to write only weak alien races, and concerned that a confrontation would jeopardize his and Campbell's friendship, he decided he would not write about aliens at all. In the Hugo Award -winning novelette " Gold ", Asimov describes an author, clearly based on himself, who has one of his books The Gods Themselves adapted into a "compu-drama", essentially photo-realistic computer animation. The director criticizes the fictionalized Asimov "Gregory Laborian" for having an extremely nonvisual style, making it difficult to adapt his work, and the author explains that he relies on ideas and dialogue rather than description to get his points across.
Asimov was criticized for a lack of strong female characters in his early work. In his autobiographical writings, such as Gold "Women and Science Fiction" , he acknowledges this and responds by pointing to inexperience. His later novels, written with more female characters but in essentially the same prose style as his early science-fiction stories, brought this matter to a wider audience. In , Asimov's humans were stripped-down masculine portraits of Americans from , and they still are.
His robots were tin cans with speedlines like an old Studebaker , and still are; the Robot tales depended on an increasingly unworkable distinction between movable and unmovable artificial intelligences , and still do. In the Asimov universe, because it was conceived a long time ago, and because its author abhors confusion, there are no computers whose impact is worth noting, no social complexities, no genetic engineering , aliens, arcologies , multiverses , clones , sin or sex; his heroes in this case R.
Daneel Olivaw , whom we first met as the robot protagonist of The Caves of Steel and its sequels , feel no pressure of information, raw or cooked, as the simplest of us do today; they suffer no deformation from the winds of the Asimov future, because it is so deeply and strikingly orderly. However, some of his robot stories, including the earliest ones, featured the character Susan Calvin , a forceful and intelligent woman who regularly out-performed her male colleagues. There is a perennial question among readers as to whether the views contained in a story reflect the views of the author.
The answer is, "Not necessarily—" And yet one ought to add another short phrase "—but usually. Isaac Asimov was an atheist , a humanist , and a rationalist. During his childhood, his father and mother observed Orthodox Jewish traditions, though not as stringently as they had in Petrovichi; they did not, however, force their beliefs upon young Isaac.
Thus, he grew up without strong religious influences, coming to believe that the Torah represented Hebrew mythology in the same way that the Iliad recorded Greek mythology. For a brief while, his father worked in the local synagogue to enjoy the familiar surroundings and, as Isaac put it, "shine as a learned scholar"  versed in the sacred writings. This scholarship was a seed for his later authorship and publication of Asimov's Guide to the Bible , an analysis of the historic foundations for both the Old and New Testaments.
For many years, Asimov called himself an atheist ; however, he considered the term somewhat inadequate, as it described what he did not believe rather than what he did. Eventually, he described himself as a " humanist " and considered that term more practical. He did, however, continue to identify himself as a nonobservant Jew, as stated in his introduction to Jack Dann 's anthology of Jewish science fiction, Wandering Stars : "I attend no services and follow no ritual and have never undergone that curious puberty rite, the bar mitzvah.
It doesn't matter. I am Jewish. I am an atheist, out and out. It took me a long time to say it. I've been an atheist for years and years, but somehow I felt it was intellectually unrespectable to say one was an atheist, because it assumed knowledge that one didn't have. Somehow it was better to say one was a humanist or an agnostic. I finally decided that I'm a creature of emotion as well as of reason. Emotionally I am an atheist. I don't have the evidence to prove that God doesn't exist, but I so strongly suspect he doesn't that I don't want to waste my time.
Likewise he said about religious education: "I would not be satisfied to have my kids choose to be religious without trying to argue them out of it, just as I would not be satisfied to have them decide to smoke regularly or engage in any other practice I consider detrimental to mind or body. If I were not an atheist, I would believe in a God who would choose to save people on the basis of the totality of their lives and not the pattern of their words. I think he would prefer an honest and righteous atheist to a TV preacher whose every word is God, God, God, and whose every deed is foul, foul, foul.
The same memoir states his belief that Hell is "the drooling dream of a sadist " crudely affixed to an all-merciful God; if even human governments were willing to curtail cruel and unusual punishments, wondered Asimov, why would punishment in the afterlife not be restricted to a limited term? Asimov rejected the idea that a human belief or action could merit infinite punishment.
If an afterlife existed, he claimed, the longest and most severe punishment would be reserved for those who "slandered God by inventing Hell". I tend to ignore religion in my own stories altogether, except when I absolutely have to have it. An unsympathetic reader might think that I am "burlesquing" Christianity, but I am not. Then too, it is impossible to write science fiction and really ignore religion. Asimov became a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party during the New Deal , and thereafter remained a political liberal. He was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War in the s and in a television interview during the early s he publicly endorsed George McGovern.
Asimov's impression was that the s' counterculture heroes had ridden an emotional wave which, in the end, left them stranded in a "no-man's land of the spirit" from which he wondered if they would ever return. Asimov vehemently opposed Richard Nixon , considering him "a crook and a liar". He closely followed Watergate , and was pleased when the president was forced to resign.
Asimov was dismayed over the pardon extended to Nixon by his successor : "I was not impressed by the argument that it has spared the nation an ordeal. To my way of thinking, the ordeal was necessary to make certain it would never happen again. Because of his academic background, the bureau briefly considered Asimov as a possible candidate for known Soviet spy ROBPROF, but found nothing suspicious in his life or background.
Though from a Jewish family, Asimov appeared to hold an equivocal attitude towards Israel.
In his first autobiography, he indicates his support for the safety of Israel, though insisting that he was not a Zionist. Asimov especially worried about the safety of Israel given that it had been created among hostile neighbors, and said that Jews had merely created for themselves another "Jewish ghetto". Asimov believed that " science fiction In a interview by Bill Moyers , Asimov proposed computer-aided learning , where people would use computers to find information on subjects in which they were interested. Also, the one-to-one model would let students learn at their own pace. Asimov's defense of civil applications of nuclear power even after the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant incident damaged his relations with some of his fellow liberals.
In a letter reprinted in Yours, Isaac Asimov ,  he states that although he would prefer living in "no danger whatsoever" than near a nuclear reactor, he would still prefer a home near a nuclear power plant than in a slum on Love Canal or near "a Union Carbide plant producing methyl isocyanate ", the latter being a reference to the Bhopal disaster.
In the closing years of his life, Asimov blamed the deterioration of the quality of life that he perceived in New York City on the shrinking tax base caused by the middle-class flight to the suburbs, though he continued to support high taxes on the middle class to pay for social programs. His last nonfiction book, Our Angry Earth , co-written with his long-time friend, science fiction author Frederik Pohl , deals with elements of the environmental crisis such as overpopulation , oil dependence , war , global warming , and the destruction of the ozone layer.
It's going to destroy it all You have to set up, you have to set up times for each person, you have to bang at the door, aren't you through yet, and so on. And in the same way, democracy cannot survive overpopulation. Human dignity cannot survive it. Convenience and decency cannot survive it. As you put more and more people onto the world, the value of life not only declines, but it disappears. Asimov enjoyed the writings of J.
Paper Garden and Other Stories
I think science fiction isn't really science fiction if it lacks science. And I think the better and truer the science, the better and truer the science fiction". This stated that Asimov was required to insist that Clarke was the best science fiction writer in the world reserving second-best for himself , while Clarke was required to insist that Asimov was the best science writer in the world reserving second-best for himself. Thus, the dedication in Clarke's book Report on Planet Three reads: "In accordance with the terms of the Clarke-Asimov treaty, the second-best science writer dedicates this book to the second-best science-fiction writer.
Asimov became a fan of mystery stories at the same time as science fiction. He preferred to read the former to latter because "I read every [science fiction] story keenly aware that it might be worse than mine, in which case I had no patience with it, or that it might be better, in which case I felt miserable".
In my opinion, her mysteries are the best ever written, far better than the Sherlock Holmes stories, and Hercule Poirot is the best detective fiction has seen. Why should I not use as my model what I consider the best? Asimov also enjoyed humorous stories, particularly those of P. In non-fiction writing, Asimov particularly admired the writing style of Martin Gardner , and tried to emulate it in his own science books.
On meeting Gardner for the first time in , Asimov told him this, to which Gardner answered that he had based his own style on Asimov's. Paul Krugman , holder of a Nobel Prize in Economics , has stated Asimov's concept of psychohistory inspired him to become an economist. John Jenkins, who has reviewed the vast majority of Asimov's written output, once observed, "It has been pointed out that most science fiction writers since the s have been affected by Asimov, either modeling their style on his or deliberately avoiding anything like his style.
Christian , "understood better than Isaac Asimov what synoptic thinking is all about. His almost books—which he wrote as a specialist, a knowledgeable authority, or just an excited layman—range over almost all conceivable subjects: the sciences, history, literature, religion, and of course, science fiction. Through a series of developments of absorbing lack of interest as far as these pages are concerned , I found myself doing research on a biochemical topic. In that area of study I obtained my Ph. But even that was too wide a subject. From books to nonfiction, to science, to chemistry, to biochemistry—and not yet enough.
The orchard had to be narrowed down further. To do research, I had to find myself a niche within biochemistry, so I began work on nucleic acids And at about that point, I rebelled! I could not stand the claustrophobia that clamped down upon me. I looked with horror, backward and forward across the years, at a horizon that was narrowing down and narrowing down to so petty a portion of the orchard. What I wanted was all the orchard, or as much of it as I could cover in a lifetime of running I have never been sorry for my stubborn advance toward generalization. To be sure, I can't wander in detail through all the orchard, any more than anyone else can, no matter how stupidly determined I may be to do so.
Life is far too short and the mind is far too limited.
But I can float over the orchard as in a balloon. Depending on the counting convention used,  and including all titles, charts, and edited collections, there may be currently over books in Asimov's bibliography— as well as his individual short stories, individual essays, and criticism. For his th, th, and th books based on his personal count , Asimov published Opus , Opus , and Opus , celebrating his writing.
Asimov was so prolific that his books span all major categories of the Dewey Decimal Classification except for category , philosophy and psychology. An online exhibit in West Virginia University Libraries ' virtually complete Asimov Collection displays features, visuals, and descriptions of some of his over books, games, audio recordings, videos, and wall charts.
Many first, rare, and autographed editions are in the Libraries' Rare Book Room. Book jackets and autographs are presented online along with descriptions and images of children's books, science fiction art, multimedia, and other materials in the collection. For a listing of Asimov's science fiction books in chronological order within his future history, see the Foundation series list of books.
The Robot series was originally separate from the Foundation series. The Galactic Empire novels were published as independent stories, set earlier in the same future as Foundation. Later in life, Asimov synthesized the Robot series into a single coherent "history" that appeared in the extension of the Foundation series. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses with the name Asimov, see Asimov disambiguation. American science-fiction and non-fiction writer.
Gertrude Blugerman m. Janet Opal Jeppson m. Roboethics Ethics of AI Machine ethics. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main articles: Isaac Asimov bibliography categorical , Isaac Asimov bibliography chronological , and Isaac Asimov bibliography alphabetical.
Main article: Lucky Starr series. Main article: Norby. See also: Isaac Asimov short stories bibliography. Main article: Black Widowers. Main article: Autobiographies of Isaac Asimov. In Memory Yet Green. The date of my birth, as I celebrate it, was January 2, It could not have been later than that.
It might, however, have been earlier. Allowing for the uncertainties of the times, of the lack of records , of the Jewish and Julian calendars , it might have been as early as October 4, There is, however, no way of finding out. My parents were always uncertain and it really doesn't matter. I celebrate January 2, , so let it be. In his comments on the poem, Asimov wrote that originally it was "Why, stars above, it's Asimov", and when someone suggested to use "mazel tov" instead, Asimov accepted this as a significant improvement.
There are three very simple English words: 'Has,' 'him' and 'of. Now leave out the two h's and say it again and you have Asimov. Yours, Isaac Asimov. My estimate is that Isaac received about , letters in his professional career. And with the compulsiveness that has to be a character trait of a writer of almost books, he answered 90 percent of them. He answered more than half with postcards and didn't make carbons of them. But with the , letters he received, there are carbons of about 45, that he wrote. The introduction to the full dissertation was reprinted in his book Opus , pages — Nightfall, and Other Stories.
I wrote a novel in which pictured a world in which everyone lived in underground cities, comfortably enclosed away from the open air. People would say, 'How could you imagine such a nightmarish situation? For months and months I lived and thought Shakespeare, and I don't see how there can be any greater pleasure in the world—any pleasure, that is, that one can indulge in for as much as ten hours without pause, day after day indefinitely.
New York: Doubleday: When Israel was founded in and all my Jewish friends were jubilant, I was the skeleton at the feast. I said, "We are building ourselves a ghetto. We will be surrounded by tens of millions of Muslims who will never forgive, never forget and never go away.
But don't Jews deserve a homeland? Actually, I feel that no human group deserves a "homeland" in the usual sense of the word. I am not a Zionist, then, because I don't believe in nations, and Zionism merely sets up one more nation to trouble the world. June 27, Isaac Asimov Home Page. Retrieved July 2, Doubleday: Retrieved March 5, Hugo Award. Retrieved July 28, Asimov: A Memoir. New York: Doubleday. Opus Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
So [Walter Bradbury] said, 'Use a pseudonym. I choose Paul French and Retrieved September 4, The Planetary Society. Retrieved November 6, Retrieved 6 August Glasgow: Grafton Books. Garden City NY: Doubleday. Asimov: A Memoir , ch. Random House , Before the Golden Age. April 4, Retrieved August 11, The New York Times. August 17, In Memory Yet Green , p.